New study shows how impacts generated Martian tsunamis

A study published last year interpreted images of the red planet and suggested the deposits were made by impact-generated tsunamis more than 3 billion years ago. In a new study, Costard and his colleagues independently build on that work by including the geological characteristics of the deposits and modeling how impact-generated tsunamis could have created them. They conclude the deposits may have come from asteroids slamming into a northern ocean billions of years ago, generating waves 300 meters (nearly 1,000 feet) high.

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Detachment fold vs. ramp anticline: a gravity survey in the southern Pyrenean front (External Sierras)

The Santo Domingo Anticline (External Sierras, Southern Pyrenees), which separates the Jaca piggyback basin from the Ebro foreland basin, is a key structure of the Pyrenees. Its geometry has been interpreted both as a detachment fold and as a hangingwall anticline associated with an underlying thrust. In this paper, we present the results from a gravity survey and 2.5D gravity modelling carried out around the Santo Domingo Anticline. Density measurements indicate a sharp density contrast between the Triassic evaporites‐mudstones in the core of the anticline and the sedimentary sequence (limestones and sandstones) at its limbs. Gravity anomalies together with 2.5D gravity models allow to discern the along‐strike structural changes. From east to west, we document a change from the ramp‐associated fold to the detachment anticline. The capabilities and limitations of the gravimetric method for the determination of fold geometry are also discussed. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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